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Brochures & References

Download Canadian Seal Products brochures and discover all the credible sources of the information found in the Canadian Sealing Industry, Seal Oil, Seal Meat & Seal Fur brochures.

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Brochures References

Canadian Sealing Industry

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Benefits to the industry

Based on data from several studies using traditional methods, a single adult grey seal can eat up to 2 tonnes of prey per year. Cod can represent up to 50% of this diet. This represents an estimated 500,000 tonnes of cod per year. In comparison, Atlantic Canada’s commercial cod catch was estimated at, only 11,000 tonnes.

  • An adult seal will eat between 1.5 and 2 tonnes of fish per year.” : Page 16 of The Sustainable Management of Grey Seal Populations: A Path Toward the Recovery if Cod and Other Groundfish Stocks, Report of the Standing Senate Committee on Fisheries and Oceans, Oct. 2012<http://www.parl.gc.ca/Content/SEN/Committee/411/pofo/rep/rep07oct12-e.pdf>
  • Cod can represent up to 50% of this diet.” Grey seals and cod. Fisheries and Oceans Canada. Visited on 2021-03-26. <https://www.dfo-mpo.gc.ca/fisheries-peches/seals-phoques/cod-morue-eng.html>
  • Atlantic Canada’s commercial cod catch = 10,581 tons”: Atlantic Coast Commercial Landings of fish and seafood in 2019-Groundfish-Atlantic Cod. Department of Fisheries and Oceans. Fisheries and Oceans Canada. Visited on 2021-03-26. https://www.dfo-mpo.gc.ca/stats/commercial/land-debarq/sea-maritimes/s2019aq-eng.htm

 

Harp seals alone eat over 18 times more fish than the entire Atlantic Canadian fishing fleet’s annual seafood harvest.

 

The 2019 hunt alone saved our fishery $250 million in fish resources that would otherwise be consumed by seals.

  • Approximately 32,000 harp seals were harvest in 2019. It is estimated that seals eat over 1.5 tons of fish per year. The value per tons of fish was at $5,200 in 2018. Source: 32,000 seals x 1.5 tons x $5,200 = $CAD 250 MILLION.

 

If the full quota was harvested, that value would be CAD$3.12 Billion.

  • The annual quota is 400,0000 for harp seals. It is estimated that seals eat over 1.5 tons of fish per year. The value per tons of fish was at $5,200 in 2018. Source 400,000 seals x 1.5 tons x $5,200 = $CAD 3.12 BILLION.
  • Total Allowable Catch (TAC) numbers are set by Fisheries and Oceans Canada and announced every March, prior to the opening of the season. Harp seal Total Allowable Capture: Current Status of Northwest Atlantic Harp Seals. Fisheries and Oceans Canada, P.11, 2019. https://polarbearscience.files.wordpress.com/2020/05/2019-harp-seal-status_dfo-2020_march-020-eng.pdf

Quick Facts

The Harp, Grey and Ringed seal populations is estimated at 10 million”:

 

“The Standing Senate Committee on Fisheries and Oceans estimates the average adult seal eats 1.5-2 tons of fish per year. This equates to millions of tons of fish and seafood consumed by seals each year.”

 

Abundant population

The harvest from 2019, represented less than 10% of the sustainable quota on each species.

 

Sustainably harvested

The annual seal harvest contributes to marine biodiversity protection. Seal is considered “Smarter Seafood”:

 

Humane & Professional

Canadian harvesting practices are among the best in the world. They are guided by rigorous animal welfare principles that are internationally recognized by independent observers: Ensuring the seal harvest is humane, Fisheries and Oceans Canada, visited on 2021-03-26 <https://www.dfo-mpo.gc.ca/fisheries-peches/seals-phoques/humane-sans-cruaute-eng.html>

 

Seal Oil Brochure

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Helps repair blood vessels

Data show that DPA helps to achieve maximal endothelial migration, a critical function in repairing blood vessels:

  • Kaur G, Cameron-Smith D, Garg M, Sinclair AJ. Docosapentaenoic acid (22:5n-3): a review of its biological effects. Prog Lipid Res. 2011 Jan;50(1):28-34. doi: 10.1016/j.plipres.2010.07.004. Epub 2010 Jul 23. PMID: 20655949
  • Mann NJ, O’Connell SL, Baldwin KM, Singh I, Meyer BJ. Effects of seal oil and tuna-fish oil on platelet parameters and plasma lipid levels in healthy subjects. Lipids. 2010 Aug;45(8):669-81. doi: 10.1007/s11745-010-3450-z. Epub 2010 Jul 23. PMID: 20652432.

10x more effective than EPA

Studies have shown that the same health results are achieved using just 1/10th the amount of DPA compared to EPA:

  • Kanayasu-Toyoda T, Morita I, Murota S. Docosapentaenoic acid (22:5, n-3), an elongation metabolite of eicosapentaenoic acid (20:5, n-3), is a potent stimulator of endothelial cell migration on pretreatment in vitro. Prostaglandins Leukot Essent Fatty Acids. 1996 May;54(5):319-25. doi: 10.1016/s0952-3278(96)90045-9. PMID: 8832760.

An Omega-3 that absorbs better

  • Mann NJ, O’Connell SL, Baldwin KM, Singh I, Meyer BJ. Effects of seal oil and tuna-fish oil on platelet parameters and plasma lipid levels in healthy subjects. Lipids. 2010 Aug;45(8):669-81. doi: 10.1007/s11745-010-3450-z. Epub 2010 Jul 23. PMID: 20652432

Boosts all key Omega-3’s

DPA increases the levels of all key omega-3’s (EPA, DHA and DPA), therefore boosting Omega-3 levels in the body:

  • Miller E, Kaur G, Larsen A, Loh SP, Linderborg K, Weisinger HS, Turchini GM, Cameron-Smith D, Sinclair AJ. A short-term n-3 DPA supplementation study in humans. Eur J Nutr. 2013 Apr;52(3):895-904. doi: 10.1007/s00394-012-0396-3. Epub 2012 Jun 23. PMID: 22729967.
  • Kaur G, Cameron-Smith D, Garg M, Sinclair AJ. Docosapentaenoic acid (22:5n-3): a review of its biological effects. Prog Lipid Res. 2011 Jan;50(1):28-34. doi: 10.1016/j.plipres.2010.07.004. Epub 2010 Jul 23. PMID: 20655949. https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/20655949/

 

Seal Meat Brochure

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Nutritional comparison of seal meat and other meats

Seal Meat Nutritional Value:

  • Nutrition Facts for Adult Harp Seal Loin made by Environex for SeaDNA.
  • The nutritional values refer to the values supplied by the SeaDNA (report n ° 16-13 Merinov for SeaDNA).
  • The reference amount for raw sea animal meat is 125 g.
  • Data on protein, magnesium, iron, calcium and vitamin B12 are from a research from Shahidi and Synoweicki from 1996.

Information on lipids and calories were taken from the website https://nutritiondata.self.com/

Other meats:

 

Seal Fur & Leather Brochure

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References