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科学研究

与DHA和EPA相比,对DPA的科学研究要少得多。这是因为这种脂肪酸很难在自然界大量存在,然而海豹油的DPA含量约为4%。通过这些科学文章了解更多关于DPA和海豹油的特殊健康功效。

  • 维护心血管健康
  • 改善心理和认知健康
  • 抗炎
  • 增强免疫力
  • 促进胎儿和婴儿发育
thisisengineering-raeng-AgVIv5RQGQI-unsplash
  • 维护心血管健康
  • 改善心理和认知健康
  • 抗炎
  • 增强免疫力
  • 促进胎儿和婴儿发育

科学研究

通过这些科学文章了解更多关于DPA和海豹油的特殊性。

 

 

  1. Ackman, R.G.; Marble, A.E. (1997). “Safety of seal oil as a nutritional supplement.” Nova Scotian Institute of Science 41(3) 103-114.  [ Dalhousie University Library / Download ]
  2. Aursnes, Marius et al. “Total synthesis of the lipid mediator PD1n-3 DPA: configurational assignments and anti-inflammatory and pro-resolving actions.” Journal of natural products vol. 77,4 (2014): 910-6. doi:10.1021/np4009865as [ NCBI / Download ]
  3. Bjørkkjaer, Tormod et al. “Short-term duodenal seal oil administration normalized n-6 to n-3 fatty acid ratio in rectal mucosa and ameliorated bodily pain in patients with inflammatory bowel disease.” Lipids in health and disease vol. 5 6. 20 Mar. 2006, doi:10.1186/1476-511X-5-6 [ NCBI / Download ]
  4. Byelashov, Oleksandr A et al. “Dietary sources, current intakes, and nutritional role of omega-3 docosapentaenoic acid.” Lipid technology vol. 27,4 (2015): 79-82. doi:10.1002/lite.201500013 [ PubMed / Download ]
  5. Careaga, M M, and H Sprecher. “Synthesis of two hydroxy fatty acids from 7,10,13,16,19-docosapentaenoic acid by human platelets.” The Journal of biological chemistry vol. 259,23 (1984): 14413-7. [ PubMed / Download ]
  6. Christensen, M S et al. “Lymphatic absorption of n – 3 polyunsaturated fatty acids from marine oils with different intramolecular fatty acid distributions.” Biochimica et biophysica acta vol. 1215,1-2 (1994): 198-204. doi:10.1016/0005-2760(94)90111-2 [ PubMed]
  7. Choi, Myungwon et al. “Effects of Omega-3-Rich Harp Seal Oil on the Production of Pro-Inflammatory Cytokines in Mouse Peritoneal Macrophages.” Preventive nutrition and food science vol. 20,2 (2015): 83-7. doi:10.3746/pnf.2015.20.2.83 [ NCBI / Download ]
  8. Dubey, Pratibha et al. “Diets Enriched in Fish-Oil or Seal-Oil have Distinct Effects on Lipid Levels and Peroxidation in BioF1B Hamsters.” Nutrition and metabolic insights vol. 4 7-17. 23 Mar. 2011, doi:10.4137/NMI.S6728 [ NCBI / Download ]
  9. Ghasemi Fard, Samaneh et al. “Comparison of the bioavailability of docosapentaenoic acid (DPA, 22:5n-3) and eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA, 20:5n-3) in the rat.” Prostaglandins, leukotrienes, and essential fatty acids vol. 90,1 (2014): 23-6. doi:10.1016/j.plefa.2013.10.001 [ PubMed / Download ]
  10. Hiram, Roddy et al. “Resolvin D1 reverses reactivity and Ca2+ sensitivity induced by ET-1, TNF-α, and IL-6 in the human pulmonary artery.” American journal of physiology. Heart and circulatory physiology vol. 307,11 (2014): H1547-58. doi:10.1152/ajpheart.00452.2014 [ PubMed / Download ]
  11. Holub, Bruce J et al. “Oral docosapentaenoic acid (22:5n-3) is differentially incorporated into phospholipid pools and differentially metabolized to eicosapentaenoic acid in tissues from young rats.” Lipids vol. 46,5 (2011): 399-407. doi:10.1007/s11745-011-3535-3 [ PubMed / Download ]
  12. Kaur, Gunveen et al. “Short-term docosapentaenoic acid (22:5 n-3) supplementation increases tissue docosapentaenoic acid, DHA and EPA concentrations in rats.” The British journal of nutrition vol. 103,1 (2010): 32-7. doi:10.1017/S0007114509991334 [ PubMed / Download ]
  13. Kaur, Gunveen et al. “Docosapentaenoic acid (22:5n-3) down-regulates the expression of genes involved in fat synthesis in liver cells.” Prostaglandins, leukotrienes, and essential fatty acids vol. 85,3-4 (2011): 155-61. doi:10.1016/j.plefa.2011.06.002 [ PubMed / Download ]
  14. Kaur, G., Molero, J., Weisinger, H., & Sinclair, A. (2013). Orally administered [14C]DPA and [14C]DHA are metabolised differently to [14C]EPA in rats. British Journal of Nutrition, 109(3), 441-448. doi:10.1017/S0007114512001419 [ Cambridge University Press / Download ]
  15. Lewis, Evan J H et al. “21 days of mammalian omega-3 fatty acid supplementation improves aspects of neuromuscular function and performance in male athletes compared to olive oil placebo.” Journal of the International Society of Sports Nutrition vol. 12 28. 18 Jun. 2015, doi:10.1186/s12970-015-0089-4 [ PubMed / Download ]
  16. Lewis, Evan J H et al. “Effect of omega-3 supplementation on neuropathy in type 1 diabetes: A 12-month pilot trial.” Neurology vol. 88,24 (2017): 2294-2301. doi:10.1212/WNL.0000000000004033 [ PubMed / Download ]
  17. Mann, Neil J et al. “Effects of seal oil and tuna-fish oil on platelet parameters and plasma lipid levels in healthy subjects.” Lipids vol. 45,8 (2010): 669-81. doi:10.1007/s11745-010-3450-z  [ PubMed / Download ]
  18. Meyer, Barbara J et al. “Comparison of seal oil to tuna oil on plasma lipid levels and blood pressure in hypertriglyceridaemic subjects.” Lipids vol. 44,9 (2009): 827-35. doi:10.1007/s11745-009-3333-3 [ PubMed / Download ]
  19. Morin, Caroline et al. “Docosapentaenoic acid monoacylglyceride reduces inflammation and vascular remodeling in experimental pulmonary hypertension.” American journal of physiology. Heart and circulatory physiology vol. 307,4 (2014): H574-86. doi:10.1152/ajpheart.00814.2013 [ PubMed / Download ]
  20. Morin, Caroline et al. “Eicosapentaenoic acid and docosapentaenoic acid monoglycerides are more potent than docosahexaenoic acid monoglyceride to resolve inflammation in a rheumatoid arthritis model.” Arthritis research & therapy vol. 17 142. 29 May. 2015, doi:10.1186/s13075-015-0653-y [ NCBI / Download ]
  21. Tsuji, Masako et al. “Docosapentaenoic acid (22:5, n-3) suppressed tube-forming activity in endothelial cells induced by vascular endothelial growth factor.” Prostaglandins, leukotrienes, and essential fatty acids vol. 68,5 (2003): 337-42. doi:10.1016/s0952-3278(03)00025-5 [ PubMed ]
Meat

营养、环保的海豹肉

海豹肉富含蛋白质,富含铁、锌、镁和维生素B-12。这种野生野味肉不含抗生素和激素。

海豹肉海豹肉

海豹肉

Oil

独特的健康海豹油

海豹油是Omega-3(DPA + DHA + EPA)的完整来源,鉴于其哺乳动物的分子结构,人体吸收率优于鱼油。

海豹油海豹油

海豹油

Textile

天然海豹纺织品

海豹毛皮和皮革是一种用途非常广泛的纺织品,用于多种用途,如配件、鞋类、外套和家居装饰。

海豹毛皮和皮革海豹毛皮和皮革

海豹毛皮和皮革

References