iceberg vector shape

자주하는 질문

당신이 알고싶었던 오메가 -3 바다표범 오일, 바다표범 고기, 바다표범 모피 및 가죽, 애완 동물 용품, 지속 가능한 제품에 대한 모든 것!

mapple leaf vector shape
FAQ-COVER-SMALL
iceberg vector shape

바다표범 오일

건강

바다표범 오일 Omega-3의 이점은 무엇입니까?

바다표범오일 Omega-3는 모든 연령대의 사람 (애완동물도 포함합니다)에게 과학입증된 건강상이점을 제공합니다. 여기에는 다음과 같은 건강이점이 포함되지만 이에 국한되지는 않습니다.

  • 심혈관 건강 : 심혈관 질환 위험 감소 혈액 순환을 개선하고 혈전 생성을 줄입니다. 동맥의 플라크 축적도 방지할수있습니다.
  • 관절 건강 : 관절염 및 류마티스 관절염으로 인한 염증을 줄입니다. 관절건강을 개선하고 관절통을 줄입니다.
  • 인지 건강 : 중추신경계와 뇌 기능을 향상시킵니다. 기억력 및 기타 인지능력을 향상시킬수 있습니다.
  • 정신 건강 : 기분을  안정시키고 불안과 스트레스의 영향을 줄일수 있습니다.
  • 태아 건강 : 태아의 뇌, 눈 및 신경 발달을 돕습니다.
  • 영유아 건강 : 오메가 -3 바다표범 오일은 모유의 DHA 수치를 높여 조기 발달을 촉진합니다. 바다표범 오일 오메가 -3를 정기적으로 섭취한 산모의 아기도 더 나은 면역기능을 보여주었습니다.
  • 산모 건강 : 오메가 -3 지방산은 산후 우울증 증상을 줄이는데 도움이 될 수 있습니다.
  • 피트니스 성능 : 오메가 -3 바다표범 오일을 섭취하는 운동 선수는 피로현상이 적고 근육 활성화가 개선되었으며 VO2 최대 값이 증가했으며 전반적인 운동능력이 향상되었습니다.
  • 노인 건강 : 바다표범 오일에는 염증성 질환 (예 : 관절염)치료을 돕고 인지기능과 뇌 건강을 촉진하며 신경 건강을 개선하는데 특히 효과적인 것으로 밝혀진 희귀 한 오메가 -3 인 DPA가 포함되어 있습니다.
  • 애완 동물 건강 : 사람에대한 대부분의 건강이점은 애완 동물에게도 적용됩니다. 오메가 -3 바다표범오일은 피부, 털, 심장, 관절이동성 및 면역력을 포함한 전반적인 반려 동물 건강에 좋습니다.

어떤경우에 바다표범 오일을 섭취해야합니까?

바다표범 오일은 모든 연령대의 일상복용 적합합니다. 태아부터 노인, 애완동물들에 이르기까지 바다표범 오일은 온 가족에게 훌륭한 보충제이며 심장, 뇌, 관절, 정신 및 전반적인 건강에 이점을 제공합니다.

임산부와 수유부, 운동 선수, 노인을 포함하여 특정 그룹은 바다표범 오일이 특히 유익하다고 볼수있습니다.

바다표범 오일이 어류 오일보다 낫습니까?

예, 그렇습니다. 여기에는 몇 가지 이유가 있습니다.
  1. 흡수력이 매우 좋습니다 . 바다표범은 포유류이며, 바다표범 오일에서 발견되는 지방산구조는 사람의 지방산 구조와 동일합니다. 이것은 인체에 의해 더 빠르고 더 효과적인 소화 및 흡수를 의미합니다. 어류의 지방산구조는 인체시스템에 의해 인식되지 않아 소화시간이 길어지고 전체적으로 흡수가 더 늦습니다.
  2. 바다표범오일은 완전한 지방산 프로파일을 가지고있습니다. 바다표범 오일에는 DHA, EPA 및 DPA가 포함되어 있습니다. 어류오일에는 DHA와 EPA 만 포함되어 있습니다. DPA는 인체에 ​​유용하며 특히 염증과 싸우고 면역력을 높이는데 도움이되는것으로 입증되였습니다. 또한 DPA는 신체의 다른 지방산을 흡수하고 사용하는 능력을 향상시킵니다.
  3. 바다표범 오일은 또한 100 % 순수하고 (어류오일은 화학적으로 변경되는경우가 많음) 더 안정적이고, 산화되기 쉽지않으며 어류오일보다 더 건강한 콜레스테롤 프로필을 가지고 있습니다.

Which Omega-3 is best?

It is hard to say one Omega-3 is “best.” The three Omega-3 fatty acids found in seal oil—DHA, DPA, and EPA—work together to offer may benefits to the human body. In fact, DPA (found in seal oil, but not fish oil) increases the body’s ability to absorb DHA and EPA; these are truly a trio that belongs together.

Each of these three Omega-3s has been found to have distinct advantages:

EPA:

  • Supports cardiovascular health
  • Reduces joint inflammation
  • Lowers cholesterol

DHA:

  • Boosts brain function
  • Pregnancy and breast feeding
  • Helps combat mood disorders
  • Improves ocular health

DPA:

  • Repairs damaged vessels
  • Optimizes Omega-3 intake
  • Boosts absorption of EPA and DHA

Are there any side effects or warning for consuming seal oil?

There are no known adverse side effects to consuming seal oil at recommended dosages. Some who take fish oil have reported “fishy burps,” but this does not seem to be the case for seal oil.

Health Canada suggests limiting intake of EPA plus DHA fatty acids to no more than 3 grams a day. This amount is considered safe for pregnant women and is a good guideline to follow. If you are taking prescription medications, especially blood thinners, it is always good practice to consult your doctor.

Does seal oil help sexually?

Yes. Omega-3 fatty acids, such as those found in seal oil, are components of male and female sex hormones. As well, by boosting cardiovascular health—improving circulation and fighting the buildup of plaque in the arteries—Omega-3s can also increase sensation.

Omega-3s are also good for brain health and have been linked to dopamine production (the “feel-good neurotransmitter”). Dopamine can trigger or enhance arousal, libido, and sexual response.

Is seal oil good for lowering cholesterol?

Yes. Seal oil Omega-3 has been shown to promote a better cholesterol balance. For those battling high cholesterol, it can be a valuable natural supplement:

  • Seal oil’s natural cholesterol balance has HDL or “good cholesterol” in a higher ratio than LDL or “bad cholesterol” when compared to fish oil.
  • Seal oil has been shown to lower overall cholesterol levels.
  • DPA—found in seal oil, but not in fish oil or plant-based sources of Omega-3s—is of particular benefit to the circulatory system. The consumption of seal oil, and specifically the DPA in seal oil, has been linked to the historically low levels of cholesterol and heart disease among Inuk populations.

Is seal oil good for the immune system?

Yes. Leading an overall healthy lifestyle, including good nutrition, enough sleep, and exercise, is the best thing you can do for your immune system. Ensuring your body has all the vitamins, minerals, and essential fatty acids it needs to fight off illness and inflammation is an important factor. Seal oil Omega-3 supplements can be a valuable part of that.

Omega-3s can help regulate immune cells and reduce inflammation, making them an essential part of your body’s immune strengthening arsenal. The suite of Omega-3s (DHA, EPA, and particularly DPA) found in seal oil have been shown to down-regulate the production of pro-inflammatory molecules (cytokines) within the body, thereby assisting immune system function.

Because seal oil is particularly easy for your body to absorb (especially when compared to fish oil), it is an excellent choice for immune-strengthening.

Chemistry & benefits

What is DPA?

Docosapentaenoic acid (DPA) is a straight chain 22:5 polyunsaturated fatty acid (22 carbons, 5 double-bonds). It has been shown to have distinct benefits over other Omega-3s such as EPA and DHA:

  • Reduces inflammation efficiently.
  • Reduces risk of blockages, blood clots.
  • 10x more efficient in endothelial cell migration than EPA; it plays a crucial role in repairing damaged vessels.
  • Optimizes intake of Omega-3s.
  • Boosts absorption of EPA and DHA.

In other words, not only does DPA bring its own suite of benefits, it also improves the body’s use of other essential Omega-3s.

It is rare to find high levels of DPA in nature. In fact, seal oil and human breast milk are two of the only natural DPA-rich substances (trace amounts of this crucial Omega-3 can be found in some fish and beef). 

What is the best source of DPA?

The best sources of DPA are human breast milk and seal oil. This is one of the reasons seal oil is an excellent supplement for pregnant and lactating women.

What is the difference between EPA, DHA and DPA?

While their chemical structures differ, EPA (Eicosapentaenoic Acid), DHA (Docosahexaenoic Acid), and DPA (Docosapentaenoic Acid) are all essential polyunsaturated Omega-3 fatty acids. They are termed essential because the human body needs them to function optimally—but the human body is not capable of producing sufficient amounts on their own, which means we have to get them from our diet.

All three of these fatty acids work together to support the healthy functioning of our bodies, boosting heart health, joint health, brain health, and immune system function. As well, each brings specific advantages:

EPA:

  • Supports cardiovascular health
  • Reduces joint inflammation
  • Lowers cholesterol

DHA:

  • Boosts brain function
  • Pregnancy and breast feeding
  • Helps combat mood disorders
  • Improves ocular health

DPA:

  • Repairs damaged vessels
  • Fights inflammation
  • Optimizes Omega-3 intake
  • Boosts absorption of EPA and DHA

What is the difference between natural and concentrated Omega-3?

Natural Omega-3 supplements contain oil in its pure and natural form, with minimal processing. In the case of seal oil, this is important: it preserves the natural triglyceride structure, recognized and easily recognized by the human body, mammal to mammal.

Concentrated Omega-3s are often found in fish oils which have been chemically altered to increase levels of EPA and DHA. This changes the product inherently, and though higher levels of EPA and DHA are possible, they are not necessarily of greater benefit to the consumer.

What is the Omega-3 to Omega-6 ratio in Seal Oil?

The ratio of natural seal oil is almost 8:1 in favour of Omega-3, an excellent balance to help promote better overall health.

Historically, humans ate a diet at near 1:1, Omega-3: Omega-6. This was a natural balance derived from consuming whole foods, seasonal produce, and fresh protein. Today’s processed diet has swung the balance steeply toward Omega-6s (1:15), an unhealthy profile. Supplementing with high-Omega-3 seal oil can help restore the balance.

Why does seal oil have a better absorption rate?

Seals are mammals, just like humans (and dogs and cats). Because of this, the exact chemical structure of the Omega-3s found in seal oil are easily recognized, digested, and absorbed by the human body.

Fish have a very different physiology than mammals and oils derived from them are not as easily assimilated.

Which is better, capsules or liquid?

Both are excellent options. The best choice for you depends on your preference and lifestyle. While liquid supplements do technically have a faster absorption rate and higher optimization rate, capsules break down quickly in the stomach (within seconds or minutes) and are considered just as effective.

For those who find swallowing a capsule challenging, liquid supplements are an excellent option and can be taken by the spoonful or drizzled over food. Practically, capsules offer the advantage of a generally longer shelf life. Capsules do not require refrigeration, as liquid seal oil does.

Product Directions & ingredients

What does seal oil taste like?

Seal oil has a mild flavour of the sea. Some describe it as fishy, but much milder than the taste of fish oil.

How much seal oil do you need a day?

Supplementation of 2 up to 4 grams per day of seal oil is recommended (Health Canada suggests up to 3 grams per day of Omega-3s for pregnant women).

If you are taking prescription medications, particularly blood thinners, it is best to consult your physician before taking a high dose of seal oil.

Is it better to take seal oil in the morning or at night?

You can take seal oil Omega-3s anytime. Some people prefer to take it with food, but this is not a requirement.

How long does it take for seal oil Omega-3 to work?

Seal oil supplements aren’t a magic drug. They promote overall health and well-being, so the results are gradual, cumulative—and long-term. Some people will notice improvements in joint health or mood (for example) in just a couple of weeks, while it could be longer for others.

How long should I take seal oil?

Seal oil, like any Omega-3, is extremely safe and can be taken long-term to help promote better health. If you take seal oil every day, you will enjoy a lifetime of benefit.

Will seal oil give me fishy burps?

No. Unlike fish oil, seal oil is quickly absorbed and assimilated by the body. Its triglyceride structure is that of a mammal; humans accept it and digest it very easily.

What does seal oil contain?

Seal oil supplements should contain only seal oil, derived naturally from the blubber of harp seals. Check the ingredients: you may see gelatin and glycerin (components of capsules) and tocopherols (forms of vitamin E, an antioxidant). These are natural and safe ingredients.

Do I need to keep the bottle in the fridge?

Liquid seal oil should be refrigerated. Seal oil capsules do not need to be refrigerated but should be kept in a cool, dry, dark place.

Safety & toxicity

How is seal oil made?

Seal oil for sale in Canada has been refined following the guidelines of Good Manufacturing Practice (GMP). The seal oil itself is not chemically altered — it is a 100% natural and pure product — but it is refined to eliminate environmental toxins, including PCBs and heavy metals. Refining also stabilizes the oil, increasing resistance to oxidation. 

Seal oil may be enriched with a natural antioxidant (listed as a tocopherol, a form of vitamin E, on the ingredients list) before being transported.

What is refined seal oil?

Before sale as supplements, seal oil is refined to remove environmental toxins and impurities. The structure of the seal oil itself is not altered, ensuring it is a 100% natural, fresh, pure, and healthy product.

Do seal oil pills contain mercury?

All seal oil is tested to ensure it meets or exceeds all standards for heavy metals, including mercury. Seal oil supplements on the Canadian market meet all Health Canada and World Health Organization guidelines.

Is seal oil tested for quality?

Seal oil supplements are tested by a third-party laboratory for purity, safety, and levels of DHA, DPA, and EPA. Contact the manufacturer of your seal oil supplements for the latest results of quality testing.

What is included in the quality testing?

Seal oil supplements are tested for purity, safety, and levels of DHA, DPA, and EPA. It is crucial all seal oil meets or exceeds Health Canada and World Health Organizations standards for heavy metals, PCBs, and other environmental toxins.

Is seal oil approved by Health Canada?

Yes. You can find more information here.

What is seal oil oxidation?

Seal oil, especially after being refined for purity, is an extremely stable source of Omega-3s. Oxidation is the result of chemical reactions with oxygen, which can cause oil to go rancid. Stored properly, seal oil is resistant to oxidation.

What is the stability of seal oil?

Stored under optimal conditions (capsules should be out of direct sunlight, in a cool, dry place; liquid seal oil should be refrigerated at all times), Omega-3 seal oil is relatively more stable and less prone to lipid peroxidation than fish oils. This ensures better performance and a much longer shelf life.

Seal Meat

Health benefits

What is seal meat good for?

Seal meat is a rich, dark meat that is an excellent alternative to red meat. It is high in protein, low in fat, and is an excellent source of iron and other minerals. As such, it is an ideal food to add into any diet.

A wild, organic, sustainably harvested meat, seal has become a favourite of many innovative chefs. Seal meat can be made into sausage or burgers, stews or pies. Seal loin is exceptionally lean and tender.

What is seal meat’s nutritional value?

Seal meat is rich in protein, low in fat and cholesterol, and high in iron, magnesium, calcium and zinc. While its protein levels are comparable to those of beef or pork, seal meat is much higher in iron and other minerals than beef, pork, chicken, or fish.

Can you eat seal meat raw?

It is always preferable to avoid eating raw meat, whether domestic or wild, because it is never possible to be completely sure that there are no microscopic infectious agents present. Nonetheless, seal carcasses are always inspected carefully to make sure that there are no abnormalities before their meat is collected, and this collection is done according to strict sanitary procedures. Moreover, seal meat is generally frozen, which destroys some (but not all) infectious agents.

What is heme iron?

Heme is a molecule within red blood cells that is part of a larger molecule called hemoglobin and is responsible for carrying oxygen to all parts of the body.  This oxygen is bound to iron within the hemoglobin molecule during transport.  A larger concentration of hemoglobin within red blood cells and a larger number of circulating red blood cells are two of the many adaptations of seals for diving.

Why is seal meat so dark?

Muscle fibres carry molecules known as myoglobin, which is the equivalent of hemoglobin in red blood cells, also contains iron, and provides oxygen necessary for muscle contraction.  Seals have a much higher concentration of muscle myoglobin than non-diving animals, which is why their meat has such a dark red color.  It is also why seal meat is so rich in iron.

What does seal meat taste like?

Todd Perrin of Mallard Cottage in St. John’s says seal meat has “got a taste of the sea, with the richness of dark game meat.” Eric Pateman, of Edible Canada Bistro on Granville Island, Vancouver, describes seal meat as “ahi-tuna mixed with moose.” The texture, depending on the cut, can be similar to duck, beef filet, or veal. 

What are the different seal meat cuts?

A variety of seal meat cuts are available. Seal loins are exceptionally tender and lean. Flippers (bone-in) are usually used for stews and pies. Seal meat trims, ground meat, burgers, sausages, merguez, and salami are also available.

Where does seal meat come from?

Seal meat comes from wild-caught seals of the Atlantic Ocean, off the coast of Newfoundland and the Magdalen Islands.

How should seal meat be cooked?

Let your creativity and your personal preference be your guide! There are many excellent ways to prepare seal meat. It can be served as tartare or tataki. Treat tender loin cuts as you would a fine steak — ideally fairly rare (sear two to three minutes per side and let rest).

Seal flipper, however, benefits from a long, slow cook; it is excellent in soups, stews, and pies.

Where can I buy seal meat?

Seal meat is available in many fine butcher shops, fish markets and specialty stores and restaurants across Canada. Not all locations carry seal meat all year; be sure to call ahead.

Can we eat seal organs like heart, kidneys and liver?

The liver and kidneys are two organs with many functions essential for life, one of which is to remove toxins like heavy metals (such as mercury and lead) from the blood stream and excrete them out of the body.  Because of this, these organs tend to have higher concentrations of toxins like heavy metals than other tissues such as muscle, especially in older animals that have had more time to accumulate these toxins.  For this reason, it is recommended to consume liver and kidney only in moderation and to preferably avoid these organs from adult animals altogether.  The heart is a muscle and therefore should have only limited concentrations of toxins, especially in young animals.  Work is currently underway to confirm this.

Safety & toxicity

Is seal meat naturally raised and/or hormone free?

A great advantage of seal meat is that the animals that it comes from have lived in a natural environment all their life and have not been subject to any artificial manipulation of their growth, like some domestic animals raised under intensive management often are.

Is seal meat safe?

Seal meat is very safe.  Seals are watched from a distance before being harvested, to make sure that they behave normally.  The hunters involved are trained and certified by provincial authorities to inspect and butcher the seal carcasses in a manner similar to that of domestic livestock and to store meat products accordingly. There have also been ongoing studies to better understand the occurrence of infectious agents and potential toxins in these animals and, if required, adopt measures that will safeguard public health.

Does seal meat contain mercury?

Mercury is a very common and persistent heavy metal in the environment. It can be found naturally in some geological formations from which it leaches out naturally or through processes accelerated by human activities, such as lake acidification or land flooding associated with dam construction.  For this reason and because of its gradual accumulation along the food chain, variable amounts of mercury can be expected in some tissues of fish-eating animals like seals, particularly in their liver and kidneys, but much less in their muscles. These amounts can be very low in young seals but tend to increase with the animals’ age.

Is seal meat tested for quality?

Seal meat is processed to the highest standards and tested to ensure it meets all quality standards.

You can eat seal meat with confidence, knowing it is a naturally organic, wild meat, raised without hormones, antibiotics, or processed food. Seals are harvested from their natural habitat, the pristine icy north Atlantic, ensuring the meat is delicious and nutritious.

Is seal meat approved by the Canadian Food Inspection Agency?

Yes. Seal meat processing facilities must be certified by the Canadian Food Inspection Agency and meet or exceed all Health Canada guidelines.

Seal Fur and Leather

Benefits

What are the benefits of seal fur and leather?

Seal skin, both as fur and leather, has been used for thousands of years to protect Canada’s northernmost residents from the harshest winter conditions. Seal fur repels water, blocks wind, and retains heat to make clothing, boots, and shelters. Seal fur and seal leather are both incredibly durable and climate-resistant.

Is seal fur warm?

Yes. Inuit and other Indigenous peoples have been using seal fur to fashion clothing, footwear, and shelter for thousands of years. Seal fur offers protection from the wind, cold, ice, and rain of the harsh northern climate.

What is the difference between a tanned and a raw seal hide?

Raw seal hide is just that: an unprocessed seal hide, in its natural state. A tanned hide has been treated (tanned) to protect it from decomposing, increase durability, and in some cases add colour. Hides can be tanned by a number of methods, using chemical or natural means.

What are the characteristics of adult seal fur?

Adult seal fur is waterproof, windproof, warm, and durable — it has to be, given the seal’s natural habitat. Adult seal fur is also beautifully patterned, with various shades of white and grey.

Is seal fur durable?

Seal fur, properly processed, is one of the most durable textiles available today.

Is seal fur biodegradable?

Seal fur is a fully natural product and as such, it is biodegradable.

Products

Do seals have fur?

Yes, seals have fur, like many mammals.

What does seal fur look like?

Seal fur is soft, shiny, and in its natural form, can be a range of colours from near white to brownish to shades of grey to almost black. Many pelts have attractive spots and shading.

What seal fur colours are available?

In its natural state, seal fur is generally shades of grey, and black. Today’s textile artists, though, dye seal fur all colours of the rainbow, from red to blue to purple.

Why is seal fur tanned?

Seal fur is tanned as a method of preserving it. Once tanned, seal fur is durable, flexible, and resistant to deteriorating. Done properly, tanning will turn seal skin into soft leather, with the fur firmly attached.

What are seal fur products applications?

Seal fur can be used in many products: winter coats and boots, gloves, hats, and mittens. Seal fur is increasingly being used to craft durable and fashionable shoes, vests, and accessories such as earrings, bracelets, purses, and neckties. Designers are using it as trim and accents in high-end fashion.

Seal fur is also good for the home, as a rug or throw. The applications are endless.

What kind of products can be made with seal fur?

Seal fur can be used to make a wide range of products, including outerwear, footwear, accessories, home décor, and much more. It can be used in fashion, design, and craftwork.

What is the difference between seal fur and seal leather?

Seal fur makes use of the seal’s hair/fur, which is attached to the skin (leather). Seal leather generally refers to the tanned seal skin, with the fur removed.

Is seal fur legal in the US?

In 1972, the United States passed the Marine Mammal Protection Act; ever since then US markets have been closed to seal products.

Where can I find seal fur?

Seal fur and seal fur products are available from a number of specialty fur retailers, craft shops and artisans.

Sustainability

What is the difference between fake fur and wild fur?

Fake fur is just that — fake. It is made to look like fur but is usually made from plastic or another man-made product, involving chemical industrial processes and petroleum products. Fake fur also does not provide the same durability, warmth, and wind and water protection as wild fur.

Wild fur is a natural product. While it is processed for preservation purposes, wild fur remains close to its natural state, and provides the wearer with warmth and protection.

Is seal fur environmentally friendly?

It is always ideal, environmentally and ethically, to use all parts of an animal that is harvested. Today’s seal harvest attempts to make full use of the animal by harvesting the seal meat, oil, and pelt.

Seal fur is a natural product and derived from a carefully managed harvest. Processed properly, seal fur will last for decades; durable products that will stand the test of time, and then biodegrade. The same cannot be said of fake fur products.

Is seal fur a renewable resource?

Yes. The Canadian seal harvest is well-managed and carried out following strict government regulations. Seal populations that are harvested for meat and fur are healthy and increasing.

Is fur cruel?

No decent human being wishes to use products associated with cruelty. However, the notion of cruelty can vary greatly among individuals based on many factors, often very personal. What matters most in a person’s decision to determine whether a given activity is cruel or not is to obtain factual, objectively derived information on this activity.  In any such evaluation, it is always important to maintain respect for all components of that activity, which in the case of hunting or trapping include the animal itself, the environment in which it lives, and the people and communities that benefit from this activity, each of these components having its own set of parameters to consider. 

How ethical is seal fur?

The answer to this question would be similar to that for the previous one. As far as the sealing industry is concerned, rigorous studies followed by specific recommendations have been made to ensure that, from an animal welfare perspective, the best possible killing methods are used.  These studies are continuing, as new opportunities for the industry open up.

Is the seal fur trade legal?

Throughout Canada, the seal fur trade is legal. The US and the EU have restrictions in place; if you are from these areas, check before attempting to import seal products.

For pets

Oil health

What are the benefits of Seal Oil Omega-3 for my pet?

Just as for humans, seal oil Omega-3 offers many benefits for dogs and cats, including improved heart and joint health, immune support, reduced inflammation, shinier coat, and healthier skin. It is rich in nutrients crucial to your pet’s overall well-being: zinc, iron, magnesium, and B-vitamins.

Dogs and cats are mammals too; that’s why seal oil is so much better absorbed than fish oil. As well, seal oil contains three important Omega-3s (DPA, EPA, DHA) while fish oil only contains two (EPA and DHA). DPA has health benefits all its own, and it also improves the body’s ability to absorb and utilize EPA and DHA.

Does seal oil reduce shedding?

In many cases, yes. Omega-3s have been proven to fight inflammation, often directly tied to pet allergies and many common skin and dander issues. Omega-3s help in cases of dry skin and other similar disorders, many of which relate to shedding.

What animal should take seal oil?

Seal oil is an excellent supplement for cats and dogs.

Is seal oil better than fish oil?

Yes. Seal oil is from a mammal; the triglyceride structure of seal oil will be more easily assimilated by cats and dogs (other mammals) than fish oil would. This means faster and more complete absorption. Seal oil is also less processed and more stable that fish oil.

As well, seal oil contains a third, very valuable Omega-3, DHA, that fish oil does not have. Seal oil is a more complete and effective supplement for pets than fish oil.

Are there any side effects for my pet?

No adverse effects of seal oil supplementation at recommended dosages are known. Of course, monitor your pet closely after starting any new food or product.

At high doses (over 370 mg per kg body weight), some side effects are possible but rare, including pancreatitis and increased and prolonged bleeding.

Can both cats and dogs use seal oil?

Yes. Seal oil is beneficial to both dogs and cats.

Meat health

What are the benefits of seal meat for my pet?

Seal meat is a lean source of natural protein for your pet. In fact, it is higher in protein than many other meat products; it is also a nutrient powerhouse, packed with minerals (iron, zinc, magnesium), vitamins (B-12, for example), and more. It is organic, chemical free, and delicious.

Can dogs eat seal meat?

Yes. Dogs will benefit from (and enjoy) the lean, protein-rich seal meat.

Chemistry & benefits

What is DPA?

Docosapentaenoic acid (DPA) is a straight chain 22:5 polyunsaturated fatty acid (22 carbons, 5 double-bonds). It has been shown to have distinct benefits over other Omega-3s such as EPA and DHA:

  • Reduces inflammation efficiently.
  • Reduces risk of blockages, blood clots.
  • 10x more efficient in endothelial cell migration than EPA; it plays a crucial role in repairing damaged vessels.
  • Optimizes intake of Omega-3s.
  • Boosts absorption of EPA and DHA.

In other words, not only does DPA bring its own suite of benefits, it also improves the animal’ use of other essential Omega-3s.

What is the best source of DPA?

The best source of DPA for pets is seal oil. Fish oil does not contain DPA.

What is the difference between EPA, DHA and DPA?

While their chemical structures differ, EPA (Eicosapentaenoic Acid), DHA (Docosahexaenoic Acid), and DPA (Docosapentaenoic Acid) are all essential polyunsaturated Omega-3 fatty acids. 

All three of these fatty acids work together to support the overall health of pets, boosting heart health, joint health, brain health, and immune system function. As well, each brings specific advantages:

EPA:

  • Supports cardiovascular health
  • Reduces joint inflammation
  • Lowers cholesterol

DHA:

  • Boosts brain function
  • Pregnancy and breast feeding
  • Helps combat mood disorders
  • Improves ocular health

DPA:

  • Repairs damaged vessels
  • Fights inflammation
  • Optimizes Omega-3 intake
  • Boosts absorption of EPA and DHA

What is the Omega-3 to Omega-6 ratio in Seal Oil?

The ratio of natural seal oil is almost 8:1 in favour of Omega-3, an excellent balance to help promote better overall pet health.

Why does seal oil have a better absorption rate?

Seals are mammals, just dogs and cats. Because of this, the exact chemical structure of the Omega-3s found in seal oil are easily recognized, digested, and absorbed.

Fish have a very different physiology than mammals and oils derived from them are not as easily assimilated or utilized.

Product directions & ingredients

Is seal oil smelly?

Seal oil has a mild fishy or ocean-like smell, but because it is digested easily by your pets, you won’t smell it at all after it has been eaten (i.e., no smelly fishy dog burps).

Does seal oil taste good to my pet?

With very few exceptions, dogs and cats love seal oil. In fact, adding seal oil to food has been proven to stimulate the appetites of picky eaters.

How much seal oil does my pet need a day?

The daily dosage will depend on the size and weight of your pet. Suggested dosages are given on the packaging of your seal oil product.

When will I notice a difference in my pet?

Seal oil is a supplement, not a magic pill, so results are usually gradual but steady. Most pet owners report a positive difference in their pets after two weeks to one month.

How long should my pet take seal oil?

Your pet can take seal oil for his or her whole life.

What does seal oil contain?

Seal oil supplements for pets contain 100% natural and pure seal oil. The only other ingredient you will see listed on the label is tocopherol (a form of vitamin E), a natural antioxidant added to protect the product from oxidation.

Do I need to keep the bottle in the fridge?

Yes. Once you have opened the bottle of seal oil it should be kept in the fridge at all times.

Are there any side effects for my pet?

No adverse effects of seal oil supplementation at the recommended dosage are known. Of course, monitor your pet closely after starting any new food or supplement product.

At high doses (over 370 mg per kg body weight), rare but serious side-effects are possible, including pancreatitis and increased and prolonged bleeding.

Is there vitamin E in seal oil?

Tocopherol (a form of vitamin E) is added to seal oil to help maintain its stability. It is a 100% natural antioxidant.

Can I give seal oil capsules to my pet?

Yes. Seal oil products for pets contain the same quality seal oil as capsules designed for human consumption. Ensure you are giving your pet the appropriate dosage, no matter which form you use.

Safety & toxicity

How is seal oil made?

Seal oil is derived from the blubber of seals following all guidelines of Good Manufacturing Practice (GMP) and Health Canada standards. Seal oil is refined to eliminate any environmental toxins, including heavy metals, and increase stabilization. The inherent structure of the seal oil Omega-3s is not altered in this process. 

What is refined seal oil?

Before sale as supplements, seal oil is refined to remove environmental toxins and impurities. The structure of the seal oil itself is not altered, ensuring it is a 100% natural, fresh, pure, and healthy product.

Do seal oil contain toxins or mercury?

All seal oil is tested to ensure it meets or exceeds all standards for heavy metals, including mercury. Seal oil supplements on the Canadian market meet all Health Canada and World Health Organization guidelines.

Is seal oil tested for quality?

Seal oil supplements are tested by a third-party laboratory for purity, safety, and levels of DHA, DPA, and EPA. Contact the manufacturer of your seal oil supplements for the latest results of quality testing.

What is included in the quality testing?

Seal oil supplements are tested for purity, safety, and levels of DHA, DPA, and EPA. It is crucial all seal oil meets or exceeds Health Canada and World Health Organizations standards for heavy metals, PCBs, and other environmental toxins.

Is seal oil approved by Health Canada?

Yes. You can find more information here.

What is seal oil oxidation?

Oxidation is a generally negative reaction caused by the interaction of seal oil with oxygen. Oxidation can cause seal oil to go rancid. The chance of oxidation is reduced by adding tocopherols (vitamin E) to seal oil to help maintain its stability. Tocopherol is a 100% natural antioxidant.

What is the stability of seal oil?

Properly refined and stored seal oil is relatively more stable than fish oil.

Sustainability

Where does your seal oil come from?

Canadian seal oil products are derived from seals harvested from clear, cold Atlantic waters off Newfoundland and the Magdalen islands. All seal harvesting is done under best practices developed by the Department of Fisheries and Oceans, Government of Canada. The harvest is strictly monitored and enforced.

Is your seal source sustainable?

Yes. The seal populations harvested are stable and increasing. The harvest is completed according to strict management regulations and limits determined by the Government of Canada.

What are seals used for?

Today, almost all of the seal is used, including the meat, oil, and pelt. Full usage is the goal of seal harvesters, processors, and vendors.

Are baby seals killed?

If one uses the definition of “baby” as an animal which is still nursing, the hunt for this age group of seals has been prohibited in Canada since 1986.  The seals that are now preferentially hunted are young that have been weaned by their mother at least a few weeks previously and are then totally on their own.  The nursing period in the species currently hunted commercially (grey seals and harp seals) is very brief since winter or early spring conditions, when the mothers give birth, are unpredictable, and the young seals must acquire the necessary energy reserves as quickly as possible when they have a chance.  Weaning is abrupt, the young seals do not see their mother again, and they are left on their own to acquire the necessary hunting skills.

How are seals harvested?

The vast majority of seals are now killed by a rifle shot to the head.  For harp seals, the hakapik or club can be used only when the animals are on stable ice, which is less and less common because of climate change. For young recently weaned grey seals which in recent past could be born on the ice or on land but are now born almost exclusively on land, the hakapik or club is used exclusively since all these animals are still on land when hunted.

Why is seal clubbing a thing?

Through several studies, it has been well demonstrated that the hakapik or the club is the tool of choice to kill young weaned harp seals and grey seals.  There are a few very good reasons for this.  The skull of these young seals is very thin and can be easily fractured (and the underlying brain destroyed) by a single or very few blows from a hakapik or a club, achieving the same result almost as quickly as a well-placed shot to the head from a rifle of high caliber. Moreover, if one or two blows do not appear to kill the seal immediately, the hunter is right beside the seal and can very quickly apply another blow. The same cannot be said about a rifle shot to the head since it can be very difficult to shoot at the head again, especially from a distance, when the wounded animal is moving.  Finally, there are far less chances that the carcass of a dead seal will slip away into the water if close to the ice edge when the hunter is standing right beside it with a hakapik than when the seal is shot from a distance.

Is seal hunting legal in Canada?

Yes. Seal hunting is legal and strictly regulated and monitored by the Department of Fisheries and Oceans, Government of Canada. Harvesters are licenced and trained to follow best practices.

Are seal products legal in the US?

No. In 1972, the United States passed the Marine Mammal Protection Act; ever since then US markets have been closed to seal products.

What is the difference between seals and sea lions?

Seals and sea lions are both marine mammals known as pinnipeds. There are several general differences between the two groups of species:

  • Sea lions are brown, seals are usually grey.
  • Sea lions are loud — they bark! Seals do not.
  • Sea lions have larger front flippers than seals, which they are able to “walk” with.
  • Sea lions have external ear flaps; most seal species lack external ears.

What part of the seals are used?

Today, efforts are made to use all part of the seal: meat, oil, and pelt.

Is the seal endangered?

No seal populations in Canada are endangered; populations are in fact healthy, abundant, and increasing.

Are the seals you used farmed or wild caught?

Seals are not farmed. All seals used by the industry in Canada are wild caught — natural, organic, and sustainably harvested.

Culture & history

The North

When did Inuit started to hunt seal?

The Inuit have been hunting seal for over 4,000 years. Seals were one of the most valuable animals in a challenging landscape.

What was seal used for?

Every part of the animal was relied upon: the pelt for warm, waterproof clothing, boots, and shelter; the leather and sinew for harnesses; fat/oil for heat, light and its great health benefits; and meat to feed themselves.

What does seal hunt represent for Inuit and Indigenous communities?

The hunt is central to Inuit and indigenous culture, sharing customs, and skills and values passed from generation to generation. It is also about connection to the land, its resources, and the wider ecosystem. Over time, seals took on commercial importance as export products too, crucial to the survival of communities.

Where do indigenous hunting seals live?

The Inuit are indigenous peoples with similar cultures living primarily on the Arctic coasts of Siberia, Alaska, the Northwest Territories, Nunavut, Quebec, Labrador, and Greenland. Canadian Inuit live primarily in the territory of Nunavut, Nunavik in northern Quebec, and in the Nunatsiavut settlement region in Labrador. The Inuvialuit live mostly in the Mackenzie River delta, on Banks Island and part of Victoria Island in the Northwest Territories. Alaskan Inupiaq live on the North Slope, while the Yupik live in western Alaska and a part of Chukotka Autonomous Okrug in Russia.

How is a seal worth in meat in northern Canada?

In Canada’s north, where store-bought meat is expensive, a single seal can provide the equivalent of $200 or more worth of meat to a family—and a much higher level of nutrition.

What seal species are hunted in Northern Canada?

The Inuit of Canada’s Arctic generally hunt ringed seals, which are prevalent in the most northern areas of the continent.

When did Inuit start trading seal products?

The commercial value of seal was first realized in the north in the late 1800s, when European whaling vessels first arrived and, soon after, Hudson’s Bay Company began trading with Inuit. From then on, the animals were not only for subsistence, but also a source of revenue.

How does seal hunting contribute to the economy of the North?

Today’s hunt is family-centred and subsistence first. After a family has taken the food it needs, and the pelts required for art and craftwork, the rest may be sold. It is estimated the sale of seal products contributes about $1 million to Nunavut’s economy annually.

What impact did the European ban on the whitecoat seal hunt had on northern communities?

In 1982, the European Parliament, in response to high-profile pressure from Greenpeace and other activist groups, banned the import of whitecoat seal pelts. Although they made an exemption for Inuit hunters — who never did target whitecoats. The year 1983 brought a spike in suicides in northern coastal indigenous communities, a drop in annual income (for example: the annual income of a sealer in Resolute Bay dropped to $1000 from $54,000), and other devastating social and cultural challenges. Many of those who had been proud of working hard and making a living from their homeland struggled in the face of international scorn.

What was the impact of the European Union ban on all seal products?

In 2009, the European Union banned the importation of seal products. As in the earlier action of 1983, the EU exempted Inuit hunters from the ban—but the result was again devastating, reducing the number of pelts sold by 90%.

How important is seal hunt for food security?

Up to 70% of Inuit households are considered food insecure. Groceries can be prohibitively expensive in the north, and traditional food sources and hunting methods are eroding. Seal and other country foods can go a long way in ensuring a supply of nutrient-rich food. In Canada’s north, where store-bought meat is expensive, a single ringed seal can provide the equivalent of $200 or more worth of meat to a family—and a much higher level of nutrition.

East Coast

When did coastal communities on the East Coast started to hunt seal?

The seal hunt on Canada’s east coast has a shorter history “500 years” — but it is one that reaches through generations and is integral to the culture and economy of many coastal communities. 

What were seals used for on the East Coast?

Seals were an important source of meat in a land that often did not provide much variety of food, and for years the seal hunt was for subsistence only — relied upon for those brave enough to stay on the island year-round.  But by the mid-1700s, seals were being transported to England and sold for their meat, pelts, and oil. Seal oil became prized as lamp oil, cooking oil, and an ingredient for soap.

Has seal hunting ever been an important part of the East Coast economy?

In 1793, the first schooners sailed to the seal herds of the ice-packed North Atlantic. They were so successful that dozens of other boats followed suit, and the seal hunt became nearly as important to the economy of the colony as its summer cod fishery. By the end of the 1800s, sealing was second only to cod fishing as a source of income — and an important winter activity for those who fished seasonally. Although the pace of the hunt slowed in the first half of the 20th century, in the 1950s and 1960s an average of 290,000 seals were taken off the coast of Newfoundland. 

How important is seal hunt to the culture of the East Coast?

In many communities, particularly along the northeast coast, the Northern Peninsula of Newfoundland and the Magdalen Islands, the seal harvest was the factor that allowed year-round settlement, ushering in new traditions of craft, skill, and foodways.

When did the Canadian Government first established quotas for seal hunt?

In 1971, the seal population was decreasing and the Canadian government instituted its first quota.

What impact did the European ban on seal hunt had on East Coast communities?

The reduction in the seal harvest negatively affected coastal communities, especially when taken in conjunction with the decimation of the important fish stocks. Not only is seal as a source of food and livelihood being taken away, but the traditions and methods of seal hunting, as well as the accompanying knowledge and sensitivity to the ocean’s ecosystem are diminishing. This loss has widespread repercussions.

What does seal hunt represent for the East Coast communities today?

Today, about 6,000 Atlantic Canadians are active in the seal harvest. Their culture and lifestyle have been shaped by the inhospitable and sometimes dangerous environment in which they live and work. Sealers and their families have survived for centuries by procuring seasonally available food. From this necessity of living off the land grew a culture of economic adaptation, hard work, and respect for the land and sea.

What type of training is required to hunt seals on the East Coast?

Today, all sealers are licensed and trained and hunt from their own small fishing boats. Large vessels are prohibited for sealing. All sealers receive mandatory training in quality assurance and veterinarian-approved humane harvesting techniques.

How important is seal hunt for the East Coast economy today?

In 2006, the landed value of harp seals exceeded $30 million. That number has since fallen significantly, due to anti-sealing campaigns which have resulted in ill-conceived and damaging import bans on seal products. The loss is being felt acutely in rural coastal communities, where a few thousand dollars can mean the difference between being able to meet a family’s needs and not, and jobs can be scarce, particularly at certain times of year.

What types of seals are hunted in Eastern Canada?

The East Coast communities generally hunt harp seals, which are prevalent in North East Canada.

References